Document Bank of Virginia
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  • Collection: Development of the Industrial United States

colliery.jpg
In rural areas across the state local stores, such as the Pocahontas Colliery Store in Tazewell County, were often the centers of centers of commerce and provided meeting places for community residents. In the 19th Century, stores in these rural…

SeaboardRR.jpg
The Seaboard Air Line (SAL) Railway was chartered from April 14, 1900, until July 1, 1967, when it was merged with another railroad line, Atlantic Coast Railroad to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad. The SAL Railway originated from several…

Puck_no. 1048.jpg
By the early 1870s, bicycles and tricycles using wire-spoked wheels were common, particularly in England. James Starley of Coventry introduced the Ariel in 1871, and, with modifications, the design gained popularity and later became known as an…

Roanoke_Salem.jpg
Salem, Virginia is an independent city within the boundaries of Roanoke County. The first known European exploration of the area occurred in 1671. Thomas Batts and Robert Fallam gave the area its first recorded name: Totero Town, after the local…

SWVa_Map.jpg
Long associated with coal mining, Southwest Virginia has an impressive list of other industries including farming, salt production, timber, and the mining of lead, copper, gypsum, and iron. These industries played a role in the region being given the…

WashingtonCo_Map.jpg
Washington County is the first known locality in the United States to be named for George Washington. It was created from Fincastle County in 1776. At the time, the county covered 600 square miles and twelve percent of the area was identified as…

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Farm, corn field.jpg
From the time the earliest English settlers arrived in 1607 to today, corn has remained a staple crop in Virginia. Farmers across Virginia grew vegetables like corn to eat and to feed their farm animals. This photograph depicts a corn field on a…

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A woman and child, reading a book.jpg
In earlier eras, books were expensive luxury items only owned by those who could afford to purchase books. The advent of the printing press made it easier to produce books; however, it was far easier to mass produce newspapers, pamphlets, and other…

Washington Alexandria and Mount Vernon Electric Railway trolley.jpg
Trolleys were a very popular way for people to travel across cities or towns in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Earlier versions of the trolley, or tram, were drawn by horses. However, by the late 1800s people began riding in trolleys that…

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Tobacco_72.tif
Tobacco has been a major part of Virginia commerce for three and a half centuries. The brands of early tobacco art usually took the form of the planters' brand that makers used to distinguish their crop. Most planters used a form of their initials to…
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