Document Bank of Virginia
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  • Tags: Reform Movements

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Petitions to the General Assembly were the primary catalyst for legislation in the Commonwealth from 1776 until 1865. Public improvements, military claims, divorce, manumission of slaves, division of counties, incorporation of towns, religious…

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The old Richmond City Hall building is located on Broad Steet with one side facing Capitol Square and another side facing the current City Hall building. The building stands out as it is a remnant of a bygone era in architecture. The Gothic Revival…

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In 1918, Clinton L. Williams, a leader of the local chapter of the ACCA Shriners fraternal organization, came up with a concept for new building a new “temple” to house the activities and growing needs of the chapter. The Shriners, as they are known,…

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John Mitchell Jr. was the determined and pioneering force behind the success of the Richmond Planet newspaper from 1892 until his sudden death in 1925. Mitchell was born into slavery on July 11, 1863, at Laburnum, an estate in Henrico County that…

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The Richmond Planet was first published in 1882, 17 years after the end of the Civil War. The founding members the newspaper met in an upper room of the Swan Tavern located near the corner of Third and Broad streets. The thirteen men (James H. Hayes,…

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On February 1, 1960 the “Greensboro Four” sat down at the Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, NC. By February 5th, over 300 students had joined the original four in their movement to integrate the lunch counters. By the end of March, the…

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The 1896 Plessy v Ferguson decision legitimized state laws establishing racial segregation in the South and provided an impetus for further segregation laws while also legitimizing laws in the North requiring segregation. Legislative achievements won…

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Article IX of the 1902 Virginia Constitution includes 14 sections, several of which create the State Board of Education and individual school districts, dictating the roles and responsibilities of each. Despite the rulings of the Supreme Court, this…

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The primary objective of the 1902 state constitution was to limit the ability of Black men to vote.  Virginia's political elite decided to write a new state constitution after the Supreme Court legalized separate-but-equal treatment of Blacks which…

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The election of representatives to the 1867 constitutional convention was the first time that large numbers of Black men could vote in Virginia and the first time any Black men were elected to public office. Radical Republicans won most of the…
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