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Typus Orbis Terrarum (Map of the World), 1607

Context

This world map was created by Gerhard Mercator (1512–1594) and published in 1607. It shows both western and eastern hemispheres, split into two circular halves, and includes latitude and longitude lines as a locational grid.

Citation: Mercator, Gerhard, (1512–1594). Typus Orbis Terrarum: Domini est Terra & Plenitudo Ejus, Orbis Uerrarum, & Universi Qui Habitant in Eo. Psalmo 24. Amsterdam, 1607. G3200 1607 .M4 Voorhees Collection. Library of Virginia.

Standards

VS.1, VS.2, VS.3, VS.4, USI.1, USI.2, USI.3, USI.4, CE.1, WG.1, WG.3,W.17, WHII.1, WHII.2, WHII.4, WHII.5, WHII.6, WHII.7, VUS.1, VUS.2, VUS.3

Suggested Questions

Current Connections: What names do you recognize that are still used today?

Analyze: Have students locate England and Virginia and draw a line between the two. Do the same with West Africa and Virginia.

Analyze: Have students compare and contrast Typus Orbis Terrarum to a modern map.

In Their Shoes: Put students in the role of early colonizers and make a list of geographical features they will need to succeed. Find likely locations on the map or have students "design" a map depicting the key attributes they list.

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