Document Bank of Virginia

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In 1716, by order from Lord Fairfax, Virginia Governor Alexander Spotswood led an expedition over the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley. Spotswood traveled with a group of gentlemen, servants, American Indians, and rangers over the Blue…

In 1716, by order from Lord Fairfax, Virginia Governor Alexander Spotswood led an expedition over the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley. Spotswood traveled with a group of gentlemen, servants, American Indians, and rangers over the Blue…

Alexander Spotswood served as Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1710-1722. During his tenure as governor, Spotswood hoped to improve security, Virginia's economy, and relations with American Indians. Spotswood passed many acts, including the…

In the 1700s, the governor of Virginia had the power to provide land grants as he pleased. The governor at the time, Alexander Spotswood, was known for granting land to fellow Englishmen. In return these Englishmen were expected to persuade more…

"Agitate - Educate - Legislate." This slogan of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union laid out its goals in the fight against alcohol.  Established in 1874 in Ohio, the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) joined the fight for Prohibition,…

“The Saloon Must Go,” proclaimed the banner of the Anti-Saloon League. Formed in 1893 in Ohio, the Anti-Saloon League published hundreds of fliers, articles, cartoons, magazines, and even an encyclopedia in its fight for Prohibition. By this…

By the turn of the century, the call for Prohibition had become a national issue, espoused by many politicians and pushed by several strong organizations. The American Temperance Society, started in 1826, acted as a support group for members who took…

The Progressive Movement was rooted in the idea that the government should improve the lives of its citizens. Most of the accomplishments, including the 40-hour work week, women’s suffrage, and direct election of senators, benefited society;…

In 1924, Virginia passed the Racial Integrity Act, which was designed to stop the “intermixture” of whites and African Americans. This banned interracial marriage by requiring marriage applicants to identify their race as white, colored, or…

After the Civil War, the temperance movement swept the nation. Starting with Maine in 1851, states and localities around the country held referendums to let its citizens vote whether or not to ban alcohol. In 1886, Virginia adopted the “Local…
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