Document Bank of Virginia

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The Cigarette Label of Jefferson DavisAlthough they are simply pieces of paper, cigarette labels represent broader concepts and reflect the culture and the general values of a population.  It is important to analyze how the labels have changed…

This document is a circular sent out by W. H. Holden, dated March 4, 1869. Holden sent the circular to North Carolina, alerting them that there was a proposed Fifteenth Amendment that needed to be ratified by all of the states. The proposed amendment…

This document is a petition from Edmund M. Bradford to President Andrew Johnson. In the petition Bradford seeks an official pardon for his role in the Confederate Army. Edmund M. Bradford of Norfolk was a graduate of West Point (1837) who served in…

This document is a letter from Secretary of State Hamilton Fish to Governor Gilbert Walker. In the letter, dated January 27, 1870, Fish tells Walker that Congress has approved an act that would readmit Virginia into the United States. Virginia left…

This document is a Presidential pardon issued by President Andrew Johnson. It was signed on July 5, 1866 by both President Johnson and Secretary of State William H. Seward. The year before, President Johnson had issued a proclamation on May 29, 1865,…

This document is a parole slip that was given to the Confederate officer Captain James M. Garnett. It is dated April 10, 1865 and noted there is its location, Appomattox Court House, VA. The day prior, April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee…

In October 1859, John Brown and other antislavery men slipped across the border between Maryland and Virginia and occupied the United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry. Brown hoped to arm enslaved men and lead a campaign to abolish slavery. However,…

The Democratic Party split in two in 1860. John C. Breckinridge, vice president of the United States, became the presidential nominee of the faction sometimes referred to as the Southern Democrats. The party advocated the expansion of slavery into…

Along with the abolition of slavery, women's rights were also a topic for reformers. The woman suffrage movement began in 1848 at the first woman's rights convention, which was held in Seneca Falls, New York, with the participants calling for…

With the end of the Civil War came the end of slavery in the American South, but racial hostilities toward the formerly enslaved African Americans continued throughout the Reconstruction era. Shortly before his death, Lincoln had recommended that…
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