Document Bank of Virginia

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  • Tags: Reform Movements

For a majority of American history, women were not allowed to vote. Although they were considered citizens with rights equal to men, voting was considered a privilege and not a right and thus legally kept away from women. In the 1910s, women became…

At the close of the Civil War and the passing of the Fifteenth Amendment, all men, regardless of their race or previous status, were supposed to be able to vote.  However, states, including Virginia, found ways to exclude blacks from voting such as…

In October 1859, John Brown and other antislavery men slipped across the border between Maryland and Virginia and occupied the United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry. Brown hoped to arm enslaved men and lead a campaign to abolish slavery. However,…

Richmond native Lila Meade Valentine was born in 1865 and devoted much of her life to advocating education and health-care reform and woman suffrage. In 1909, Valentine cofounded the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia (ESL) and was elected the…

Along with the abolition of slavery, women's rights were also a topic for reformers. The woman suffrage movement began in 1848 at the first woman's rights convention, which was held in Seneca Falls, New York, with the participants calling for…

This resolution, which the Lee-Jackson Camp of the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) forwarded to Governor J. Lindsay Almond in 1958, proposed that the Fourteenth Amendment should be declared not a legal part of the Constitution on the grounds that…

After nearly two decades of legal challenges against racial segregation in public schools and higher education, on May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court ruled in court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that school segregation was…

The poll tax was the centerpiece of Virginia's policy of restricting the right to vote, and all other former Confederate states employed it for the same purpose. The ratification on January 23, 1964, of the Twenty-fourth Amendment outlawed the poll…

In the summer of 1963, violence erupted in Danville, Virginia, as Danville policemen led by police chief Eugene G. McCain aggressively arrested and dispersed protestors during a series of civil rights demonstrations led by local and national black…

Not everyone had the right to vote and participate in the development of laws. The Constitution stated that all men were created equal, but it left out the rights of women. In Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848, women declared that they too deserved the…
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