Document Bank of Virginia
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  • Tags: African American History

nvpfull.jpg
After nearly two decades of legal challenges against racial segregation in public schools and higher education, on May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court ruled in court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that school segregation was…

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After nearly two decades of legal challenges against racial segregation in public schools and higher education, on May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court ruled in court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that school segregation was…

slavebilly.jpg
During the Revolutionary War in 1781, an enslaved African American man named Billy, owned by John Tayloe, was indicted for "feloniously and traitorously" joining the British. He was captured and tried for treason, yet pled not guilty and testified…

PlantersAddress.jpg
In 1790 the Pennsylvania Abolitionist Society, led by Benjamin Franklin, submitted a plea to Congress to end slavery. Congress considered the petition and formed a committee for further examination. They debated what was and was not within their…

ShortCatechism.pdf
This broadside is a criticism of actions of the Democratic Party in the 1830s. In an attempt to discredit the organization, the author attacks the Democratic Party's pro-black policies and actions, including a Democratic Vice President having a…

adolphus_bond.jpg
Enslaved Virginians were often hired out by their owners during the course of their lives. Industries such as the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond and the many iron and woolen mills throughout the state employed skilled and unskilled slaves to augment…

Africae Descriptio.jpg
This document is a map of Africa that was published by Gerhard Mercator in 1607. Mercator was a cartographer of great renown and he was very well known for his world map Typus Orbis Terrarum. While quite detailed and relatively correct in shape, it…

slavemarket.jpg
This broadside is an 1836 publication by the American Anti-Slavery Society. The broadside highlights the group’s opposition to slavery through quotations from the Bible and some of America’s Founding Documents. In the 1830s, moves were made to…

An act concerning Servants and Slaves, 1705.jpg
As shocking and unjust as it is in our 21st century, this act from 1705 dictates that if a slave resists his or her master and then the master kills him or her in the act of punishing or correcting, the master shall not be held accountable for the…

Freeing slaves who  served as soldiers, 1783.jpg
Free and enslaved African Americans served on both sides of the American Revolutionary War. Patriot leaders, including George Washington, were largely lukewarm to the thought of recruiting slaves for the war, whereas the British side fully embraced…
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