Printing Republican Ballots
Wheeling Daily Intelligencer, October 24, 1860
In 1860 and 1861, voting was viva voce, or by voice vote. Voters announced out loud for whom they voted in the presence of everyone there. In presidential elections only, voters also handed in ballots containing the names of candidates for presidential elector, and they signed the back of the ballots in order that a ballot could be removed if a voter's eligibility was successfully challenged. Throughout the state, newspaper editors and printing offices printed ballots, or tickets, for voters to take to their polling places.
Abraham Lincoln received 771 votes in Wheeling and Ohio County and 1,929 votes throughout Virginia in November 1860.