The woman suffrage movement, which succeeded in 1920 with the adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment, coincided with major national reform movements seeking to improve public education, create public health programs, regulate business and industrial practices, and establish standards and create agencies to ensure pure food and public water supplies. Public debate on these issues and simultaneous demands for better roads and public services transformed politics in Virginia yet again and brought into the political process people who had not been active participants earlier.
Women in the United States began agitating for the right to vote in the 1840s, even before all men in Virginia gained the right to vote. In 1870 Anna Whitehead Bodeker, of Richmond, formed the Virginia State Woman Suffrage Association, and twenty years later Orra Gray Langhorne, of Lynchburg, also attempted to rally proponents. In 1909 a group of Richmond women formed the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia to educate Virginians and win their support. The League argued that Virginia women were citizens and taxpayers, that they had special interests that were being poorly addressed by male legislators, and that the spheres of home and world overlapped. Although Virginia women gained the right to vote in 1920 with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the Virginia General Assembly did not ratify the amendment until 1952. (text from LVA's 'Working Out Her Destiny' exhibit)The national League of Women voters was formally organized in Chicago in February 1920 as an offshoot of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. The League of Women Voters of Virginia organized out of the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia. The Equal Suffrage League held its last meeting on November 8, 1920, and reorganized at the Capitol two days later as the League of Women Voters. The League of Women Voters of Virginia continues today as a nonpartisan political group, working to encourage all voters to engage in full participation in government.
Citation: State Conference to Complete Organization of Virginia League of Women Voters, Richmond, Va.: The League, 1920. Broadside 1920 .S73 BOX, Manuscripts & Special Collections, Library of Virginia
Social Media Spin: Select two more images from the 'Working Out Her Destiny' exhibit and compose tweets to correspond to the events as if Twitter had been available at the time. Be sure to include, and be able to explain, your hashtag choices.