Document Bank of Virginia

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  • Tags: American Indian History

In 1716, by order from Lord Fairfax, Virginia Governor Alexander Spotswood led an expedition over the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley. Spotswood traveled with a group of gentlemen, servants, American Indians, and rangers over the Blue…

Alexander Spotswood served as Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1710-1722. During his tenure as governor, Spotswood hoped to improve security, Virginia's economy, and relations with American Indians. Spotswood passed many acts, including the…

In 1924, Virginia passed the Racial Integrity Act, which was designed to stop the “intermixture” of whites and African Americans. This banned interracial marriage by requiring marriage applicants to identify their race as white, colored, or…

This is an oil painting of Sir William Berkeley by Hariotte L.T. Montague. This painting was based on the work of England's Sir Peter Lely, a prominent portraitist in the seventeenth-century court who painted King Charles II, Oliver Cromwell, and…

This engraving, attributed to Harry C. Mann, depicts the burning of Jamestown during Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676.Bacon’s Rebellion was named after its leader, Nathaniel Bacon, who was an outspoken opponent of Governor Sir William Berkeley. While…

This image shows a deer skin mantle that was believed to have been presented by Chief Powhatan to Captain Christopher Newport of the Virginia Company of London during a disastrous coronation ceremony in 1608. The mantle, which is embroidered with…

Although best known as the founder of the Boy Scout movement, Baden-Powell was also an artist of considerable skill.  While in South Africa, he modeled in clay as a relief from administrative duties.  The family of Baden-Powell's mother claimed…

After Virginia created its first statewide system of free public schools in 1870, many of the state's Indians were left out. The Pamunkey and Mattaponi who resided on ancient tribal reservations in King William County had been exempt from taxation…

The annual payment of tribute by Virginia's Indians attests to their continuing presence. In 1646 Necotowance, “the King of the Indians” as the English styled him, signed a treaty to end the third major Anglo-Indian War. Annual payment of tribute…

Pocahontas (also known as Matoaka, Amonute, and Rebecca) was an Indian and one of the daughters of Indian chief Powhatan. She is known for a historical anecdote where she reportedly saved the life of the English explorer John Smith in 1607, during…
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