Document Bank of Virginia

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This document is a proclamation written by King Charles I on January 6, 1630 (1631 by the New Style Calendar), in the hopes of regulating the tobacco trade between England and the British colonies. As the British presence in America grew, it swiftly…

This act from 1705 dictates that if a slave resists their master and then the master kills them in the act of punishing or correcting them, then the master shall not be held accountable for the slave’s death. Also, it states that even free…

Relations between white English colonist and Natives were violent for much of the early seventeenth century. A few months prior to the passing of this act, the Third Anglo-Powhatan War started, resulting in many deaths and injuries. This act looks to…

Anthony Johnson was a black man and former indentured servant in 17th century Virginia who was able to purchase his freedom. Upon becoming free, Johnson purchased land as well as servants. One such servant, John Casar, claimed that Johnson was…

This document shows that in 1708, Ann Walker was granted permission by the government to attend the church of her choice -- the Church of England. Prior to this Ann had experienced issues with her husband George, who was not a member of the Church of…

This document is a 1749 land survey that George Washington did for Edward Hogan as part of his job as the county surveyor for Culpeper County, which was then newly created. Washington was all of seventeen years of age when he took on this job,…

This map was created in response to British concerns that French colonists were encroaching on British territory. Since there were no clear boundaries and very few maps that accurately depicted the lands that the Virginia colony held, the acting…

This image shows a deer skin mantle that was believed to have been presented by Chief Powhatan to Captain Christopher Newport of the Virginia Company of London during a disastrous coronation ceremony in 1608. The mantle, which is embroidered with…

As English colonists settled Virginia, they came into conflict with Native Americans over the concept of landownership. The Native Americans would not “own” their land, but would live on small portions and use a larger surrounding area for…

This document is a photograph of a monument erected on Jamestown Island in 1907. It recognizes the first meeting of the General Assembly of the Virginia colony, which met from July 30 to August 4, 1619 in a church building close to the monument’s…
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